Category Archives: Health and Fitness

Anti-aging Tips for Men

Men have always been portrayed as the rough and tough gender which has no liking whatsoever for the beauty regimen followed by girls, to keep their skin glowing and younger looking. Men who took extra care of their skin and tried to follow anti-aging skin care, were looked upon as sissy’s and non-macho types. Even the cosmetics and pharmaceutical companies had an extensive line up of anti-aging skin care products and wrinkle creams for women. The skin care market concentrated solely on women and anti-aging skin care products for men took a back seat.

Today, a whole new generation of men has revolutionized the entire skin care and anti-aging industry by becoming conscious. Men no longer shy away from getting beauty treatments and skin care therapies that enhance their rugged looks and help them maintain a younger looking skin. Men have become more concerned about their skin and take anti-aging skin care quite seriously. There are number of beauty companies that have an exclusive line up of beauty products and anti-aging products for men.

Skin Care Tips
Research has proven, that men although have tougher skin than women, are still prone to aging just like women. The reasons that make men more susceptible to the signs of aging are:

  • Men have rougher skin than women, as they shave almost daily, making it more prone to premature aging. One of the first anti-aging skin care tip while shaving is to frequently change the shaving blades. Cleanse the facial skin before you begin shaving. Use warm water (not hot) to make the outer layer of skin soft. Apply shaving cream that soothes the sensitive skin and prevents inflammation. Create plenty of lather to make the skin moist and soft. Never shave without applying shaving cream. Shave in the direction of hair growth and rinse the area often. Rinse your face after shaving with cool water. Apply a non-astringent, toning after shave lotion to soothe the skin. Apply an anti-aging face cream with moisturizer to keep your skin young and smooth.
  • Skin remains firm, elastic and pliant with the production of collagen and elastin. As one ages, the production of these hormones decreases, making the skin sag and wrinkled. Thus, men should opt for skin creams that help in building collagen and elastin in their skin.
  • Men tend to expose themselves to the harmful ultraviolet rays of sun more often than women. UV rays damage their skin leading to early aging. Thus, anti-aging face creams with UV ray protection are the right choice for men when looking for anti-aging products. Anti-aging skin care products containing sunscreens with UV blockers, consisting of 25% titanium dioxide and 20% zinc oxide or SPF 35 help combat the UV ray effects.
  • Men tend to perspire more than women and thus lose more amount of water from their body. This dehydration of the body leads to dry skin that is damaged and more wrinkled. Thus, anti-aging skin care should include more fluid intake, to help their body make up for the loss due to perspiration and for rejuvenating the body.
  • Men also tend to neglect their eating habits and do not follow a healthy diet regime. Thus, lack of proper nutrients makes their skin dull and prone to aging. Anti-aging skin care includes intake of fresh vegetables, fresh fruits, etc. to help maintain the nutritional and vitamin A and vitamin E levels in their body. These vitamins are very essential in delaying the unwanted signs of aging.
  • Deep cleansing the face removes all the impurities from the skin pores and controls the excessive oil production. Thus, helping men to flush out the dirt, debris, dead skin cells from their skin pores, making their skin clean. This helps in preventing acne and wrinkles.
  • Smoking is another factor that makes the skin age before time. Vascoconstiction of veins due to nicotine in cigarettes causes poor blood circulation. This reduces the distribution of nutrients to the skin and hence, causes damage to the skin, leading to unhealthy and wrinkled skin. Thus, anti-aging skin care includes cutting down heavily on the cancer sticks.
  • For sensitive skin men should include use of organic anti-aging creams. Glycolic acid from alpha hydroxy acid which is extracted from sugarcane, malic acid extracted from apples etc. are organic anti-aging wrinkle creams and the ingredients are beneficial for men with sensitive skin.

These are a few anti-aging skin care tips, that help minimize the signs of aging in men. It is important to follow anti-aging skin care regime, to maintain a healthy and good-looking skin. It is advised to take good care of the neck area as well, as it is the skin on the neck that shows the tell-tale signs of aging more, than any other part of the body, according to dermatologists. Use a sunscreen and moisturizer daily to maintain a younger, fresh looking skin. It is no longer strange for men to take care and be worried about aging skin. Anti-aging skin care is just as important as the physical regime followed by a macho man. It is no longer a taboo for men to participate in skin treatments and use anti-aging skin care products. Adapt this and enhance your handsome face.

Finding Anti Aging Vitamins for Women

Aging is an unavoidable thing that happens to every living being. Due to this process, the ability of the body to process various important nutrients gets reduced, and the results start to show up on health of the skin and hair. To avoid the same, a proper supply of important nutrients that can rejuvenate the body is a must. There are many vitamins present in the environment having many anti-aging properties, or at least having abilities to delay the process and visible signs of aging. These are also manufactured in the form of pills and supplements, and hence, one can get their artificial dosage.

List of Vitamins

These nutrients are actually an army of vitamins, performing various functions, like slowing the process of growing old, supporting the immune system, increasing energy levels of the body, and stabilizing the female hormonal imbalance. A woman’s body needs several such stimulants that are different than those required for a man. Nutrients, like amino acid, antioxidants, alpha lipoic acid, bioflavonoids, neuronutrients, enzymes, and several other substances are required for a healthy body. Every women in and after her 30s must provide her body with all these nutrients in some way or the other.

In this quest of providing energy to the body, many people tend to lose a lot of money, which is totally wrong. The essential, natural stimulants are the cheapest ingredients available that have loads of properties to slow down the process of getting old. Taking 5 to 10 servings daily is an extremely easy option compared to going on a spending spree to find various supplement, expensive creams, and other beauty products.

Vitamin A

It is rich in antioxidants, which help the body to get rid of the free radicals and several other resultants of metabolic activities, that cause toxic effects on the body and fasten the aging process. Antioxidants are available in abundance in the fresh fruits, like various types of berries, cherries, grapes, green tea, etc., which are great sources. An overdose can cause the harmful effect of sunlight to accentuate itself onto the skin and make the skin more prone towards damage. An adequate amount combined with several sunscreen lotions can be a great formula for women.

Vitamin B Complex

This is a great source of magnificent nutrients that are very important for proper body functioning. Vitamin B3 and B6 are the greatest sources meant for women. The former helps the body to convert calories derived from fat, carbohydrates, and proteins, into energy. It also helps to regulate the digestive system and promotes health of the nerves. The latter increases the brain functioning and promotes healthy cells and cell rejuvenation. Sources include fish, poultry, meat, eggs, seeds, nuts, whole grains, bananas, etc.

Vitamin C

It is a great source of antioxidants found in the skin. It is present in many citrus fruits and vegetables. It is also considered as a skin damage repairing agent that also helps the cells to develop anti-carcinogenic properties. It is very proactive in the skin ,and its levels can get reduced due to minimal exposure to the sun as well. 55% of its content from our skin is damaged due to various reasons, like pollution, UV rays, and smoking. Hence, it is a must to provide the body with ample amounts of rich, natural products or supplements containing this nutrient.

Vitamin E

It is also rich with antioxidant properties that are required for health of the skin and hair. It plays a vital role in delaying the process of growing old, and makes the skin look younger and smooth. It protects the membranes of the cell and prevents the damage of the cell enzymes. It is abundantly available in dairy products, grains, nuts, and vegetable oils. It is a proven fact that 400 mg of its consumption, daily, improves skin texture and delays the visible signs of age.

Along with the above mentioned ones, there are several other vitamins that can be a real consecrate. Vitamin K, D, selenium, calcium, etc., can also fulfill our needs. Consumption of such foods for skin care and using several supplements in the right amount can work great for the process in question. Wrinkle creams, combined with the above mentioned supplements is a great thing to try. The only problem with the artificial products is that they are expensive and have a short term effect. Whereas, natural resources are plenty that can rejuvenate the skin from inside and the effects can last longer than expected.

No one can, of course, avoid the inevitable process of aging, but with the advancement of science and technology, we can surely delay the process. Application of several over-the-counter supplements is another great option. They can provide you with a beautiful skin and a fine complexion.

Best Tips to Prevent Aging

Who wouldn’t give an arm and a leg to turn back the hands of time? We would go back and correct all the mistakes we made and would try to do everything right. But more than anything, the chance to re-live our youth is what will attract most of us. Yes, if only there was a way to reverse those wrinkles and fine lines. Although there is no magical anti-aging potion, there are a few remedies that you can try out to keep aging at bay. Don’t believe me? Read the simple tips given below.

  • One question that you must ask yourself is whether you smile enough. You would be surprised at how much better just about anyone would look if only they smiled a lot more!
  • Our skin is a reflection of our diet. So, if you want soft and healthy skin which will fool anyone into thinking you’re still a twenty something, then eat right! There are many different anti-aging foods that you can concentrate on for the same.
  • One best remedy is to maintain a proper skin care routine. A skin care routine needn’t mean being vain enough to stand before the mirror all day long but simply following a regular cleansing, toning and moisturizing routine will work better than any other anti aging skin care product in the market!
  • Pamper yourself once in a while! Go to that spa you were always apprehensive about going to. Get that tan. Whatever makes you happy is bound to work as one of the natural remedies.
  • If you do not really have the time nor money to go out, then pamper yourself at home! Do a pedicure or just a thorough skin massage.
  • Are you annoyed by those puffy eyes and dark circles which simply add decades to your age? Well, then one of the home remedies is to simply place a cotton ball soaked in rose water, or slices of cucumber or raw potato on the affected area once in a while. You’ll see your dark circles vanish in no time!
  • There are a few anti aging creams that you can try out, if all else fails that is. You never know what may end up suiting your skin type.
  • Aging skin treatments need not always be done at a doctor’s clinic. One of the natural remedies is to opt for homemade face packs that will leave your facial skin glowing. Nothing works better than natural skin care when you want to reverse the effects of aging.
  • Besides eating right, if you wish to take advantage of the various supplements that are available, then you can opt for anti aging supplements which will help your face and skin appear young and glowing.
  • Drink lots of water! Being dehydrated always shows through and dehydrated skin adds years to our age. So, stay hydrated all the time.

There are many people that dread the entire process of aging. Well, it doesn’t have to be all that bad. One doesn’t need to opt for cosmetic surgery when there are so many anti-aging tips to make use of. So, before you intent to go under the knife, try out these simple natural anti aging measures for some worthwhile results. Like I always say, growing old is compulsory but looking old is optional! So, stay fit and look young!

Finding Anti-aging Vitamins for Skin

images-3Aging is inevitable. All humans are destined to become old after a particular biological age. No one can escape aging. But the desire to look young and beautiful with a glowing skin is something that everyone longs for. This desire is especially strong in women. In this era of a hectic lifestyle, poor dietary habits, and stressed-out work environment, many men and women suffer from early aging. Appearance of fine lines around the eyes and on the forehead has become quite common in young people from the age of 20s. In case you are among such early-aging victims, then you must be searching for an effective solution. Vitamins are essential for nurturing good health, and hence for a shiny, well-toned and young looking skin too.

Vitamins are tiny compounds required in small quantities by your body. They carry out many vital biochemical functions. They act as hormones, mediators of cell signaling, regulators of cell and tissue growth differentiation, and antioxidants. Your body is not able to make vitamins in sufficient quantities, and so, it is very necessary to obtain them from outside food sources.

Science supports the fact that vitamins play an important role in anti-aging, or in more clear words, in delaying the process of aging. Their sufficient intake gives your body, especially your skin, a shine, tonicity, and youthfulness. They are also responsible for many physiological roles. The following ones play a major role in anti-aging. They form the basis of anti-aging wrinkle creams.

Types of Vitamins

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

  • Helps in the conversion of calories from fat, proteins, and carbohydrates into energy.
  • Boosts digestive system.
  • Promotes health of the nerves and skin.

Sources: Peanuts, eggs, meat, yeast, fish, and poultry.

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

  • Increases function of the brain.
  • Is necessary for the conversion of proteins into energy.
  • Is responsible to involve other vitamins that promote healthy cells for proper cell rejuvenation.

Sources: Pork, eggs, fish, poultry, whole grains, soybean, nuts, bananas, seeds, and oats.

Vitamin E (Tocopherol)

  • It improves your skin’s resistance to UV damage.
  • Acts as an antioxidant, which helps your body of harmful toxins that reduce the effects of your anti-aging efforts.
    Sources: Strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, cherries, grapes, and green tea.

    Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)

  • Is important in repairing free radicals, and prevents them from accelerating the aging process.
  • Boosts healthy diet.
  • Strengthens immune system.

    Vitamin K

  • Plays the role of an antioxidant.
  • Know to prevent degenerative diseases, such as osteoporosis and heart diseases.
  • Reduces damage to heart valves.
  • Regulates the flow of calcium out of the arteries, and directs it into the bones.

In this beauty and looks conscious age, having a charming and pleasant personality has become a requirement. Not only women, but men also have started to care for their appearance. But no one can deny the fact that good looks without a clean and glowing skin is impossible. Anti-aging does not only mean maintaining good looks and appearance, but it is more about physical fitness and health. Therefore, in addition to taking these nutrients, you should also focus on following a healthy diet and a healthy lifestyle.

Foods to Help Stay Young

download-5If only Peter Pan were real, the human race would have flocked to him and begged and begged for his secret to ‘never growing old’. What wouldn’t somebody do to take more than a couple of years off their age and looks? And who knew that you could almost get there, by just curbing the intake of some foods?

The amount of collagen present in your body decides how taut, young, supple, and soft your skin feels. Dietary habits that fail to maintain the required percentage of collagen in the body, give rise to problems which include pale skin, dark circles, limp, dull, and lifeless hair, joint aches―signs that are normally associated with aging. Wrinkles, swelling, puffing up, breakouts, and redness of the skin tend to take away its youthfulness, in turn, making you look old. These physical changes are majorly a result of excessive consumption of salt, sugar, alcohol, fried food, etc., that can lead to early aging. Learn about more such foods that can make you look older.

Foods You Should Avoid That Make You Look Older

Note: It is only on excessive consumption of the following foods and beverages that your body displays signs of aging. Moderate consumption of these foods in some cases is actually proven beneficial and is recommended.

Fried Food
Fried food causes the collagen present in the body to break down. The breaking down of collagen has an adverse effect on the skin making it feel dry, brittle, blotchy, and pale. The loss of moisture causes breakouts and wrinkles on the skin which leave behind marks on the face, making a person look old than what he/she actually is. Also, the growth of the hair is stunted, and it loses its shine and luster.

Sugar-loaded Food
According to Sophie Chan, an endocrinologist from Sydney, consumption of excess sugar and sugar-laden foods leads to glycation―a process in which the sugar molecules bind with the proteins present in the bloodstream. A part of this process is the production of AGEs (Advanced Glycation End Products), which are toxic in nature and cause dark circles, wrinkles on the face, saggy eye bags, and diabetes. Another ill-effect of consuming sugar-based foods in excess quantities is that it leads to inflammation, which gives rise to cell breakdown, broken blood capillaries, blotchy skin, and loose skin, all of which are spot-on signs of aging.

Food with Excess Salt
The most immediate effect that salt has on your body is dehydration. Dehydration occurs when the moisture content in the body drops considerably. Salt and foods that contain extreme amounts of salt deprive the body of its moisture and fluids. This depletion of bodily fluids results in tiredness and fatigue. Fatigue has serious effects on the skin, and makes it appear dry and pale, thus, adding years to your appearance.

Top Tips to Look and Feel Young

  • Stay hydrated
  • Remember to smile
  • Ensure proper sleep
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat in moderation
  • Make fruits and veggies your best friends
  • Carbohydrate-laden Food

The consumption of carbs tricks the body into thinking that it needs more carbs. Carbohydrates are a great source of energy, only if you burn them after consumption. The body converts carbohydrates into sugars which, if not burnt or processed, will be converted to fat and calories, showing off around your waist and hips. A diet laden with carbohydrates accompanied by lack of exercise is a lethal combination, and can fast-track your way to extreme weight gain, fatigue, tiredness, saggy skin, and ultimately aging. So, unless you decide to burn down the carbs in your diet by exercising regularly, a limited intake is advised, to avoid looking twelve years older than what you really are.

Trans Fats
There are two kinds of fats―saturated (found in processed foods, animal, and dairy products) and unsaturated (found in foods like nuts and olives). Trans fats is just another name for unsaturated fats. Trans fats cannot be easily digested by the human body, and are harmful since they clog the arteries and blood vessels. This limits the flow of oxygen and blood throughout the body, and affects the skin by causing discoloration, dryness, and sagging. These physical changes take away the youth from the skin and hair very soon, making you look old, weak, and pale.

Alcoholic Beverages
Not only does alcohol not contain any nutrients, but also destroys the amount of nutrients already present in your body, thus, depleting the potential oxygen carriers in the bloodstream. Regular and excessive consumption of alcohol lowers Vitamin A levels. Vitamin A is extremely essential for the production of collagen that maintains the elasticity of the skin and strength of the hair. Alcohol acts like a diuretic and dehydrates the skin, making it look dry and brittle. It also widens the blood vessels present in the face causing redness, puffiness, wrinkles, and swelling in that area, making you look older than you actually are.

Energy Drinks
With these, your pearly whites are at risk. Your teeth are layered with an outer covering of a white substance called enamel. A layer of a substance, dentin, which is yellow in color, is formed beneath the enamel. Dentin and enamel are major constituents that ensure the whiteness and strength of your teeth. Sodas and energy drinks act directly and harshly on the enamel and dentin causing these two layers to erode. Erosion of these two layers could lead to falling off or discoloring of the teeth, making you one amongst the oldies who smile away to glory by showing off their pearly whites, except that there are no pearly whites!

Just like alcohol, caffeine acts like a diuretic. A diuretic is a substance that increases the flow of urine. Excessive and frequent urination causes dehydration in the body which lowers the level of necessary fluids and moisture content. This is bad for the skin as the deprivation of moisture and fluids makes it dry and wrinkled, making it look old and wry. Excessive consumption of caffeine also causes insomnia which leads to formation of dark circles, redness of eyes, puffy skin―signs that hint you are aging too soon.

Remember that you are only as old as your heart feels. That said, keep these tips in mind to stay young, feel young, and look young!

Interview Tips for a Nurse

Nursing is considered to be one of the most respected and noble professions. The ability to be able to help people while they are most vulnerable, due to certain health conditions, is the best career path one can choose for helping others. When it comes to preparing yourself for an interview for the post of a nurse, the interviewers not only seek professional qualification, but also appropriate personal traits. Not everyone can excel in their professional field, it is only for those who have a passion for their job and the basic personal qualities that make them an eligible and deserving candidate. Each and every interviewer and recruiter will crucially analyze both these qualities so that they can choose the creamy layer… and this article will help you in becoming a part of the creamy layer.

Interview Tips and Techniques for Nurses

The interview tips that are explained below contains essential information for both newly graduate nurses, as well as those are looking to switch jobs to a better and a more reputed hospital. Knowing that there is a lot of demand for qualified nurses all across the globe, one may feel that nothing much needs to be done in terms of preparing for the interview. But then, this attitude may actually cost you the job…, which brings us to the first point.

Professional Attitude
You are appearing for a professional interview, therefore make sure that you carry a professional attitude with a smile. Dress professionally, greet the interviewer and shake your hands firmly and make due eye contact in a professional manner. When it comes to speaking and answering the questions asked by the interviewer, answer very confidently and positively. Also make sure that you have all your professional documents properly organized and set so that if you are asked to show the interviewer your passing scores, you don’t fumble and jumble with it.

Do Your Research
This question is always asked in each and every interview, “Why do you want to work with our organization?” Instead of answering, “your organization is one of the best and it is also closer to my house”, make sure that you show the interviewer that you actually care about the organization and really value its mission. For that you will have to carry out some research regarding the establishment, which will be an added plus point for your selection process.

Why Should they Hire You?
There will probably be a lot of candidates appearing for the interview, wherein you would be just one of them! It is you who has to show them that you are among the best options that they can have. For this, it is better to highlight your merits like your passing board scores, your references, your NCLEX scores and other important documents. Apart from that, you also have to interact with them in a professional yet pleasing way because that would give them an idea as to how you will interact with the patients and other staff members.

First Impression is the Last Impression
I don’t know if this statement applies to all the aspects of life, but when it comes to an interview, it sure stands 100% true! Which is why it is very important to dress, both physically and emotionally in your best professional etiquette. Please avoid wearing casual attire and footwear, make sure that you are not wearing flashy jewelry, or have a hairstyle that makes you look like a college going student rather than a professional nurse. Even when it comes to speaking, try not to fumble too much. If you need time to think over an answer, then it is alright to pause, think and then answer.

Be Confident and Ask Questions
You should be confident in whatever to speak, verbally or non-verbally, and also what you ask. Yes, an interview works two ways, if you want the job, remember that they want you as well! So if you have any queries regarding the management, the hospital or anything else, feel free to confidently address all your concerns.

Leave With a Positive Aura
I have already mentioned earlier that you need to create an effective and pleasant first impression, make sure that you also create a positive impression while you leave the cabin as well. Confidently handing them your file containing your resume and make sure that you smile and give a firm shake hand. You can also say some nice and thankful words to your interviewer like, “thank you so much for giving me the opportunity to meet you all and the experience has been wonderful. I hopefully look forward to see you again. Thank you.”

You can also go through some possible interview questions for nurses and become more familiar with the kind of questions you might face in the interview. Just make sure that you don’t get too much tensed. Just prepare well, give it your best shot and you will surely achieve success.

Tips to Deal Barriers to Communication in Nursing

Nursing is a profession of immense responsibility. A nurse, through her undivided attention and care, can heal a patient and make him feel good about himself. Problems arise when the nurse is not able to perform her duties efficiently, due to the various communication barriers that we observe these days. For one, there is an acute shortage of staff in the health care sector. Due to the aging population in America, there is a huge demand for nurses, but the availability of professionals is comparatively less. This means that nurses are not able to give as much attention as they should to the patients, as they are catering to a lot more of them than they can handle. This can lead to miscommunication between the patient and the nurse, thus affecting the patient’s perception of satisfaction from the treatment and care.

Barriers to Effective Communication

As mentioned above, shortage of personnel in the nursing profession can create many communication barriers. Besides this, a major problem that is being faced is the inability of the nurses to understand the English language. With a large percentage of the nursing staff in America today belonging to other countries, a whole lot of language barriers are being seen. These barriers can be between the patient and the nurse or between the doctor and the nurse as well. If the nurse does not understand English properly, she might not be able to attend to the needs of the patient as efficiently as someone who speaks the same language and belongs to the same culture. This can leave many a patient feel dissatisfied and uncared for. And if the nurse is not able to understand the doctor, there can be a potential risk to the patient’s life. The nurse might administer wrong medicine to the patient or might give the wrong dosage. This can deteriorate the patient’s condition in many cases.

Another communication barrier that is often created between the nurses and their patients is due to the usage of medical terms by the nurses while interacting with the patients. Most of the patients are unable to understand these medical terms and hence don’t know what the nurse is talking about. That’s why, whenever nurses talk to their patients, they should use very simple language. If they are using a medical term, they should offer an easy explanation for the same immediately, for the patient’s benefit. One very common mistake nurses make is to not involve the patient while talking to the doctor about his condition. In such cases, the patient might feel ignored and will not be very forthcoming while expressing his needs, his condition, etc., to the nurse, thus causing breakdown of communication between the two. A nurse should come across as someone who is warm, caring and genuinely interested in the patient’s speedy recovery. She should establish a good rapport with the patient. Only then will the patient open-up to her.

Lastly, cultural differences are one of the main hindrance to communication between the patient and the nurse. There are some cultures which place restrictions on how much the human body should be exposed, touched, etc. If the nurse is unaware of these ethnic peculiarities and does not take these into consideration while performing follow-up care on the patient, it can make the patient highly uncomfortable. Moreover, in some cultures, certain illnesses may be actually considered normal and thus, the patient may not be very forthcoming in telling about its symptoms to the nurse or the doctor, this can further pose to be an impediment to his getting well.

By being an active listener, by being sensitive, by efficiently using non verbal means of communication, such as touch, gestures and facial expressions, as well as verbal communication techniques, like asking open ended questions so as to encourage conversation, acknowledging the thoughts and feelings of the patient by talking to him, by summarizing what the patient is unable to properly explain, a nurse can break the above-mentioned communication barriers. This will help in establishing a strong nurse-patient relationship and lead to better assessment as well as formulation of health care plans for the patient.

Ways to Become a Forensic Nurse

With evolution in the field of health care, a number of careers are being introduced to keep pace with the ever changing needs of people. The realm of medicine and health care has also seen a new array of programs and careers. The same is the case in the stream of nursing, which has seen a rise in recent times. There are different types of nursing careers, one of which is forensic nursing which offers a lot of intuitive information and also the excitement of working in such a setting. A forensic nurse works in a clinical setting who takes care of victims of crime, helps in the collection of samples and evidence, and also assists the doctors in providing health care services in prison systems etc. The career of a forensic nurse is one of sheer courage and dedication.

Forensic Nurse Requirements and Job Description

Forensic nursing is quite an exciting field which is related to the basics of nursing as well as that of an investigator. A forensic nurse not only performs the tasks required for treating victims of crime and providing moral support to them, they also act as examiners. Apart from being a forensic nurse examiner, who tends to assist the patients to recover emotionally as well as physically after their harrowing experience, these individuals also work as detectives or investigators in a clinical setting. Before getting into the field of forensic nursing, you should be aware of the education and nature of work. Mentioned below is the educational requirement and work structure of a forensic nurse.

  • In order to hold a valid forensic nurse qualification, you need to complete a three year degree program in the field of nursing. The candidate can opt for a bachelor of science in nursing, an associate degree in nursing, and a diploma program. After this you can apply for the registered nurse (RN) program, which is a prerequisite for forensic nursing.
  • Once you have obtained the RN degree, which has a duration of two to four years, you can opt for forensic nursing. The candidate may be required to choose his area of specialization like counseling, criminology, general forensic nursing, pediatrics and psychology etc. After graduating from this program, the student may have to study further for an approved nursing program in the field of forensics.
  • Forensic nursing programs offer specialty in various fields like a forensic clinical nurse, forensic gerontology specialist, forensic psychiatric nurse, death investigator and sexual assault examiner, forensic investigator, and the like. These courses are offered in traditional schools as well as through on-line colleges. Choose the one where you would like to specialize in.
  • After the completion of the course, you can join as an intern or take up a residence program. After this you can apply for the license of a forensic nurse. For this you may have to pass the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLE), conducted by the state. To start a career, you may have to get a certificate from the Forensic Nursing Certification Board (FNCB) of the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN).
  • Once you have completed the formalities and requirements, you can work as a full-fledged forensic nurse. The salary of a forensic nurse may range from USD 54,000 to USD 208,000 (an approximate value) on an annual basis. The perks are availed based on the experience, location and work of the individual.

If you are also an aficionado towards forensic science and investigations, then choose this path of a forensic nurse investigator, for a challenging yet rewarding experience.

Ways to Become a Telephone Triage Nurse

download-4A profession in the field of medicine is, no doubt, a noble one. Everyone in this field is, in some way, responsible for people’s lives. Nursing follows the same approach; especially, after a surgery, nurses need to be extremely cautious and attentive for the post-operative care of a patient. They should possess sufficient knowledge and experience. While this is the norm with regular nurses, the same applies to telephone triage nurses as well.

Telephone triage nursing, also known as telepathology or telehealth nursing, employs professionals to provide medical assistance over the phone. This is useful in many cases, because the patient is able to assess the seriousness of the situation, as to whether he is really sick, or if treatment can be done at home itself, or he needs the paramedics immediately, etc.

Job Profile and Responsibilities

  • A telephone triage nurse basically helps patients identify the type of care they require at that moment. Unlike regular nurses, she cannot physically examine the patient; therefore, she has to rely on the information relayed to her.
  • When she receives a call, she has to immediately gather all information about the patient―gender, height, age, weight, etc.
  • Like a physician, she also has to inquire about the patient’s current condition so that she is able to diagnose the patient’s current ailment accurately.
  • Once she has this data in hand, she should be quick and knowledgeable enough to understand the condition of the person in question. Accordingly, she has to help him determine what he needs to do ahead.
  • For instance, if a person has minor injury due to a fall, and there is heavy bleeding, she will advise the patient to contact local doctors or health care specialists in the area, and have the wound stitched (or bandaged, depending on the seriousness of the wound).
  • If there is slight bleeding, she will provide the patient with first aid information, and inquire about the nature of the injury. This will enable her to determine whether the injury is serious and requires immediate attention.
  • Another instance is if the patient is experiencing breathlessness or chest pain or something complicated. In this case, she will advise the patient to go in for emergency medical services.
  • The nurse is also expected to know the local doctors’ addresses so that if any patient does not have a regular physician, he can go to the doctor recommended by her.
  • If the problem is serious and requires medical attention immediately, which may be expensive, the nurse must introduce the patient and his family to welfare programs that might help pay for his treatment if the patient cannot afford the medical expenses.
  • She must also ensure proper follow-up, in case the patient has a chronic condition or a serious problem, such as diabetes or asthma, and she has advised him to visit a hospital.


  • Decision-making abilities
  • Good listening skills
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Extensive knowledge about health care
  • Ability to stay calm
  • Patience
  • Attention to detail
  • Strong computer skills


  • Ideally, it would help if you have sufficient experience working as a regular nurse before becoming a telephone triage nurse.
  • You wouldn’t need a nursing license to become one, but it is highly recommended that you obtain a certification, as it impresses prospective employers.
  • In order to become a registered nurse (RN), you have to undertake an associate degree in nursing (and) or associate of science in nursing (ASN) course.
  • After completion, you are eligible to get employed, but some prefer completing the 4-year degree course of bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) as well. This, however, can be done later too.
  • Less than a decade back, the National Certification Corporation used to offer certification programs for telephone triage nurses, though it is not in practice now.
  • As of today, you can undergo clinical training and gain sufficient experience, after which you can enroll in an emergency nursing triage training program, which is approved by the Emergency Nurses Association.
  • Passing the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN) will provide more employment opportunities in the medical field.
  • After you obtain a certification, you can apply to telephone triage nursing services and other health care lines.
  • Your education and training will cover topics, like behavioral science, anatomy, nutrition, basic care and comfort, physiology, chemistry, pharmacological therapies, effective care management, legal issues, rapid patient assessment, etc.


  • The salary of a telephone triage nurse varies according to geographic location, employer, as well as experience.
  • Some are paid on an hourly basis as well, with the hourly wage between USD 15 to USD 25.
  • On an average, an experienced telephone triage nurse may earn more than USD 60,000, annually.
  • An exact figure is difficult to predict, since the pay is largely dependent on several factors.

Work Environment

  • This job is very challenging. You need to be well-versed in medical terminology and emergency care tips, and you must be able to quickly and accurately assess the medical condition of a patient.
  • You will be working in irregular shifts, perhaps night shifts, at times, since a triage nurse is required to be on call 24X7.
  • You will be on the phone constantly; every day will be filled with anxious people wanting to get the right advice and encouragement.
  • You will be hired to work in hospitals, trauma units, outpatient care facilities, poison control centers, with private physicians, etc.

Apart from irregular shifts, the job of a telephone triage nurse is interesting as well as noble. While you do not have to cope up with the physical ‘running about’, like emergency care nurses, you have to be alert and cautious so that you can provide the right information. Never forget, a life depends on you.

Guide Gymnastic Equipments for Beginners

Now-a-days with the ever increasing popularity of gymnastics, there is a booming market of gymnastics equipment available all over the world. Since the choices are so many, it rather becomes difficult for an enthusiast to select his kind of gymnastic equipments. Mentioned below are few tips which can help a naive gymnast to make a smart choice. Check them out:

Seriousness for the sport

Before buying an equipment one has to sure of his goals about the sport. It is sheer wastage of money if one pays a hefty amount to buy high-end gymnast equipments without being serious about pursuing the sport. Hence, it is wise to invest money in buying the equipments as per the seriousness of your ideas about the sport. For simple stretching and tumbling, one can opt from a variety of economically priced mats. Durable quality of mats can also be purchased at moderate rates but in case you are planning to enter a competition, it is best to get a customized mat made which would obviously be a little expensive. Do not make any hurried purchase, invest your bet in high-end equipments only when you are absolutely sure of entering this particular sport.

Get use to the equipments first

Gymnastic equipments as everyone knows are quite cumbersome and bigger as compared to other sport equipments, hence it is best to start with your gymnastics practice at a gym. Once you get use to the various athletic equipments there, you can then plan as to which particular equipment would you like to invest in.

Seek expert guidance

The golden rule of making a purchase for a sport equipment is to primarily consider the skill level first. In case you are skeptical about buying an equipment do not hesitate in seeking an expert’s advice. The shop owners can guide you well about the pros and cons of each of the equipment. In fact, it is all the more better if you can take your trainer along for purchasing the gymnastic equipments. There are plenty of online gymnastics forums too which can assist you with the information regarding different equipments.